Can you smoke meat with cottonwood? | Yes, using THESE tips for maximum flavor. 

by Joost Nusselder | Last Updated:  April 2, 2022

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It can be hard to know where to start choosing wood, especially if you’re new to smoking meat. So does cottonwood get you great flavor?

Cottonwood is a very mild wood and great for smoking meat. Although many enjoy the distinct flavor this most subtle smoking wood adds to their dishes, it is important to note that it doesn’t produce a lot of smoke and is best used in combination with other woods.

So, when can you use cottonwood for smoking meat? Let’s find out…

Smoking with cottonwood

This can be a good or bad thing, depending on your palate. 

If you prefer a milder flavor, sticking with cottonwood alone is a great choice. However, if you enjoy more flavor in your meat (like these top choices), then you may want to include other long-burning woods like hickory or mesquite for more flavor.

What are the benefits of smoking with cottonwood?

 Cottonwood is one of the most commonly used wood types. Here are some of the benefits this subtle smoking wood has that make it ideal for smoking.

It’s inexpensive

Cottonwood trees are fast-growing and found commonly throughout the US, Europe, and many parts of Asia, it’s relatively inexpensive and easy to source. This makes it a great choice for those smoking on a budget.

It has a mild smoke flavor

Another benefit of smoking with cottonwood is that it’s one of the mildest woods, with a more subtle smoke flavor than wood choices like red oak and white oak. That’s thanks to it containing a high concentration of tannins–the compound that gives wood its characteristic color and distinct flavor. 

Being mild in flavor, it’s perfect for those new to smoking meat or who aren’t used to strong flavors found in other stronger woods.

When these tannins are released into the air, they interact with the meat and produce that mild, smoky flavor cottonwood is most popular for. This is great for counteracting acids found in other woods, stopping them from spoiling the taste of your meats. 

It’s a strong smoking wood

This means that although it’s a softer wood than alder, it has a sturdy composition. This means it won’t easily break or splinter when exposed to high temperatures.

Now that we’ve hopefully convinced you of why you should smoke meat using cottonwood, let’s move on to learning how to select the right type of cottonwood.

How do I select the right type of cottonwood?

When selecting cottonwood for smoking, there are a few things you need to take into account.

The first is the age of the tree. As a general rule, the older the tree, the harder and denser the wood will be. This makes it perfect for smoking as it won’t easily break or splinter when exposed to heat.

What types of cottonwood should I avoid?

Although cottonwood is a great choice to smoke meat with, there are a few types you should avoid.

Avoid using cottonwood that has been chemically treated with pesticides or the like. These can not only give off a bitter tongue-numbing taste and poison humans.

Likewise, avoid using cottonwood from areas near busy roads or other high-traffic areas.

Green cottonwood

Green cottonwood is another wood option you’ll want to avoid as it produces a lot of smoke when heated. This creates a strong, unpleasant flavor on your food, ruining it completely. For this reason, most prefer to opt for deadwood or bark instead.

How long does it take to season cottonwood?

Unlike other types of wood, cottonwood doesn’t need any seasoning before use. This means you can start smoking with it right away!

Can you burn cottonwood on a wood stove?

It may be possible to burn cottonwood logs on a stove, though it’s not powerful enough to generate any intense heat.

This means that it’s unlikely that it will cook your food all the way through, especially with larger cuts like the shoulder or leg. For this reason, meats like pork that need to be cooked thoroughly to be safe to eat aren’t advised.

There is also the risk that cottonwood will crack or smoke too much making it an unsafe wood stove option.

Smoker boxes and wood chips

If you’re looking to add a smoky flavor to your food, smoker boxes and wood chips are a great way to do it. Smoker boxes are designed to fit over the burners on your grill. Adding wood chips to the smoker box, or directly on the coals allows the smoke to circulate around your food, imparting it with a delicious smoky flavor.

New to using a smoker box? Learn how to get the temp, placement, and wood right in our handy walk-through guide.

Best cottonwood wood chips for a smoker box

When looking for the best cottonwood wood chips for a smoker box, it’s important to consider the age of the tree. Older trees will have harder, denser wood that is less likely to break or splinter when exposed to heat so are highly recommended.

Where to buy cottonwood wood chips for smoking

If you’re looking to get your hands on some cottonwood wood chips for smoking your meats, there are a few places you can try.

One option is to head to your local hardware store. Many hardware stores carry a range of smoker box and wood chip options, making it easy to find the right type of cottonwood for your upcoming pit session.

How to make cottonwood wood chips for smoking meats

If you’re feeling adventurous, you could also try harvesting your own cottonwood wood chips. To do this, simply head to a cottonwood tree and snap off a few small branches. Be sure to avoid any branches that have been treated with pesticides or other chemicals.

Once you’ve harvested your cottonwood wood chips, it’s time to start smoking! Simply place them in a smoker box or directly on the coals and enjoy the delicious smokey flavor they add to your food.

Using an offset smoker or improvised smoker box

An alternative to using a fire pit is using an offset smoker or building an improvised bbq smoker.

This is a great option for last-minute smoke sessions where you don’t have access to a smoker box already.

Another option for those wishing to smoke with cottonwood is using an offset smoker.

Offset smokers (like these) boast large cooking areas and a separate firebox, allowing them to disperse heat evenly. Try mixing in some oak, alder, or hickory into the container and ensure it limits airflow to keep the burning ash in place.

It’ll produce the most intense flavor to the meat you’ve ever experienced. One we promise you won’t forget!

What’s the best way to smoke meat with cottonwood?

Cottonwood is possibly the best wood for smoking meats in our humble opinion. Or at least one of them. The delicate flavor it imparts isn’t too overpowering and it adds juiciness and flavor to your dishes while preserving the food.

Follow these simple tips to smoke meat with cottonwood, and you’ll be enjoying delicious, smoky meals in no time!

Start by making sure that the grill is clean.

Make a dry rub or marinade using onions, garlic, pepper, and herbs to your liking. Place meat on the grill for about three minutes per side. Every time you turn the meat over, baste it with an additional layer of dry rub or marinade and keep the smoke flowing.

When the meat is cooked to your liking, remove it from the grill and let it rest for a few minutes before serving.

Enjoy your delicious smoked meat!

Do you leave the bark on when smoking cottonwood?

We recommend leaving the bark on during the smoking process. The bark will contribute a lot of flavor to meats smoked with cottonwood.

It’s common knowledge that when you build or buy a fire pit, some of the best materials to use are logs, rocks, and roots found near where those features are going to be placed. Logs can be used

What meats smoke well with cottonwood?

Cottonwood is one of those smoking woods that compliments a wide range of meats. This is mostly thanks to it having a very mild flavor that doesn’t overpower food.

Here are a few ideas for your next pit session:

Pork ribs

Cottonwood has the ability to make juicy ribs even juicier. That’s why it’s one of our favorite woods for smoking. Its slow-burn keeps meat tender. And it while its low smoke production only adds to the natural sweetness of the meat itself without overpowering it.  


Planning on making flavorful steaks that will be remembered by your loved ones and rivals alike for summers to come? Cottonwood has you covered.

It has the ability to quickly sear your steak perfectly. This is best achieved with the help of a quick-burning fire and a good amount of coal.

It’s also great for smoking beef and other red meats too, provided they’re thin cuts.


Like most poultry, chicken is one of those meats that is great when cooked well but all too easily dried out. This is notoriously true with chicken breast.

Cottonwood is the best smoke wood to help combat this. It burns slowly and evenly making it particularly good for smoking chicken and other poultry.


Many choose cottonwood to smoke fish with due to its slow, low-temperature burn. You’ll find you’re able to retain a lot of moisture in your fish using cottonwood while adding a mild smoke flavor to the existing flavors of the fish. 

A popular fish choice among pitmasters smoking with cottonwood is salmon. Though you’re sure to find success using any type of fish with this wood.  

Other cuts of meat

For smoking other cuts of meats, you may need to incorporate other types of wood into your cottonwood. Thicker cuts of meat like pork shoulder need longer burning woods to cook thoroughly. You’ll find some great BBQ-smoker recipe ideas here.

Is Cottonwood good for barbecuing?

Cottonwood is a great smoking wood for barbecuing as it has a mild flavor that won’t overpower your food. It’s also an affordable option, making it a great choice for those on a budget.

Just make sure that the wood is dry so it doesn’t create a lot of smoke. You’ll also want to use a higher heat than you would with other woods, as cottonwood burns quickly.

How do you avoid creosote when smoking with cottonwood?

To avoid creosote while smoking with cottonwood, be sure to use an adequate mixture of air, light, and a little smoke. Creosote is the result of smoke from burning wood or coal that’s not hot enough. If there isn’t enough oxygen for the heat to make the wood break down into oils, it can create too much smoke and creosote.

Final thoughts

Smoking meat with cottonwood is a great way to add flavor and juiciness to dishes while preserving food. It’s also an affordable option, making it a great choice for those on a budget.

For the best results when smoking with cottonwood, be sure to use high heat and dry wood. This way it won’t create a lot of smoke.

You’ll also want to use a higher heat than you would with other woods, as cottonwood is a softer wood and burns quickly.

If there isn’t enough oxygen for the heat to make the wood break down into oils, it can create too much smoke and creosote. You can avoid this by using an adequate mixture of air, light, and smoke.

Thanks for reading!

Joost Nusselder, the founder of Lakeside Smokers is a content marketer, dad and loves trying out new food with BBQ Smoking (& Japanese food!) at the heart of his passion, and together with his team he's been creating in-depth blog articles since 2016 to help loyal readers with recipes and cooking tips.